Climate Change Adaptation Pilot Project (CCAPP)
This project is a pilot project which aims at trying out climate change adaptation measures in four Upazilas of the Coastal Zone of Bangladesh, namely Hatiya, Rangamati, Rangabali and Amtoli. This is to be done through selection and construction of improved cross drainage of roads, protection of roads by raising embankments, protection of road embankments by tree plantation, excavation/ maintenance of drainage canals, improved access to cyclone shelters and community awareness raising like training of rural women and local officials in climate change adaptation.
Further the aim is improving the living conditions of vulnerable people in these areas, in particular destitute rural women, who will be employed as pilot project labourers and receive training in relevant income generating activities and climate change awareness.
Climate changes as rise in global temperatures, a rising sea level and more unpredictable weather patterns are expected to result in a number of hazards in the Coastal Zone of Bangladesh like increasing saline intrusion, water logging, inundation, tidal/storm surges and cyclones. The country is already highly susceptible to flooding and extreme floods are becoming more common. Extreme cyclones occur in average every three years.
It is highly likely that water management infrastructure and rural roads will face increasing erosion problems due to sea level rise and storm surges, as well as from intense rainfall of short duration. Based on an expected 30 cm sea level rise, it is estimated that a substantial number of coastal polders in the southwest region may experience severe drainage congestion and that half of them will be overtopped due to increased water level in the peripheral rivers. The coastal areas already experience immense damage to rural roads and other infrastructure due to cyclones and storm surges which are expected to be more frequent and intense.
It has been found that climate change hazards in the Coastal Zone of Bangladesh should be classified as 'high risk' to the livelihood and living conditions of poor farming households due to loss of life and land, degradation of soil quality, damage to infrastructure and increased burden on women. The seasonal migration is increasing. 28% of the population lives in the Coastal Zone.
Denmark has supported infrastructure development in Bangladesh since 1978; from mid 1990 through the Local Government Engineering Department (LGED) of MoLGD. The LGED is widely regarded, also internationally, as one of the most effective government agencies in Bangladesh.